India foreign policy | international relations for UPSC | part 2


In our previous post, we talk about what is international relations ( IR ), the importance of international relation for UPSC and difference between IR, Foreign policy, diplomacy if you don’t read part 1 of IR then i recommend you read part 1 of International Relation for Better understanding

Internation relation | international relations for UPSC | part1 – click here

For your better understanding, we start our IR ( India Foreign Policy ) section form Jawaharlal Nehru’s Foreign Policy (Nehru era) ( 1947 – 1964 ) in the Nehru era. What Foreign policy made in the Nehru era, Non-Aligned Policy and the most parameter for UPSC that is Panchsheel Agreement 1954 and much more. 

What is Foreign Policy?

Foreign Policy means a government’s strategy in dealing with other nations or we can say that In order to fulfil its national interests when a country sets policy for making relations with other countries, it is called the foreign policy of that country.

Since the nature of national interests is not sustainable, the foreign policy also changes when national interests change

So, now you understand what is Foreign policy, now we talk about the fundamental element of India foreign policy which India follow.

Basic Element of India Foreign Policy

  • Article 51 Enables policy of international peace and goodwill
  • Oppose Apartheid policy
  • Opposition to imperialism and colonialism
  • Furious and opposing military action
  • Non-Aligned Policy

Article 51

In the India Constitution, India will follow the policy of international peace and goodwill. They will not break the administration of any other countries.

Oppose Apartheid policy ( रंग-भेद नीति का विरोध )

India will not discrimination ( भेद भाव ) based on Apartheid, Caste, religion etc.

Opposition to imperialism and colonialism ( साम्राज्यवाद तथा उपनिवेशवाद का विरोध )

In India policy, it will mention that India Opposition to imperialism and colonialism that why In India all religion people are lived. 

Non-Aligned Policy

After the Second World War, in the bipolar world, India adopted a policy of non-alignment rather than joining any Group. Under that India decides not to participate in any group and will conduct its own independent foreign policy. And this non-aligned policy got successful.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Foreign Policy (Nehru era) ( 1947 – 1964 )

In the Nehru era, there is specific movement take by Nehru for India Foreign policy that was Jawaharlal Nehru also know as Father of India’s foreign policy in history. some action taken by Nehru are

  • Panchsheel agreement – 29 April 1954 ( Very Important )
  • India – Bhutan Treaty – 1949 and India – Nepal Treaty – 1950 
  • Asian Friendship Conference – 1947
  • First Foreign Minister of India

So, in our next post, we discuss these all movement in detail so, stay connect with ( fulfil your dream to become IAS ) if you have any question please comment

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